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Allama Muhammad Iqbal

Poet of East Allama Muhammad Iqbal was born on 9 November 1877 in Sialkot. His father name was Sheikh Noor Muhammad and mother name was Imam Bibi. Allama Iqbal got his initial education from the mosque where he learned Quran and Arabic language from Syed Mir Hassan. After the advice of Syed Mir Hassan Allama Iqbal was admitted in the Scotch Mission College. From Scotch Mission College Allama Iqbal has completed his Matriculation in 1893 and intermediate in1895. Allama Iqbal has done B.A from Government College Lahore in 1897 and M.A in philosophy for further studies Allama Iqbal went to England. Allama was very lucky to have teachers like Syed Mir Hassan and Sir Thomas Arnold. The name of Allama Iqbal was written in the history of Pakistan from golden word. Allama Iqbal was a great poet, philosopher and a politician. The efforts of Allama Iqbal for the Muslims of Sub continent were unforgettable.

In 1908, Allama Iqbal became the member of Muslim League Landon branch. In November 1926, Allama Iqbal was elected as the member of provincial assembly Punjab for 4 years. In January 1927, Allama Iqbal was selected as the general sectary of Muslim League Punjab. From 1930 to 1932, Allama Iqbal was attended two round table conferences in Landon. The poetry books of Allama Iqbal in Urdu are Bang e dara, Bal e Jibreel and Zarb e Kaleem and in Persian the books of Allama Iqbal are Asrar e khudi, Ramooz e Bekhudi, Payame mashrik, Zaboor Ajam, Javed nama. The last book of Allama Iqbal was Armughan e Hijaz. Allama Iqbal was died on 21 April 1938. The tomb of Allama Iqbal is in Lahore. In this page, you will read Allama Iqbal Biography In Urdu , Allama Iqbal Life History In Urdu .

Allama Iqbal Biography In Urdu

Allama Iqbal Shayari In Urdu Allama Iqbal Photo

Mufaqir e Pakistan Doctor Muhammad Allama Iqbal ka naam tehreek e azadi ke rehnumaon mein hamesha sunehri horof se likha jaye ga. App beyak waqat aik azeem shair, falsafi aur Siasatdan thay. Bar e Sagher junobi Asi amein musalmaon ke ijtemai shaor ki bedari o tarbiyat, musalmaon ki tehzibi aur fikri tamir e no ke silsile mein un ki khidmat humari mili tarikh ka roshan bab hain. Alama Muhammad Iqbal 9th November 1877 ko bazaar chori giran muhala Kasmiriyan, zila Sialkot (Punjab) mein peda howae. Aap ke abao ajdad supro got ke Kasmiri pandit the jo ghaliban satarwen eswen ke akhir mein halqa bagosh Islam howae aur taqreban aik so saal bad Alama Muhammad Iqbal ke dada Sheikh Muhammad Rafiq Kashmir se hijrat kar ke zila Sialkot mein qayam pazir howae. Allama Iqbal ke walid khayati ka kaam karte the aur unhon ne kisi maktab mein taleem na pai thi lekin osol ke pakke, aala zarf aur sada tabyat the. Tijarat pasha hone ke bawajod sofiya aur ulma ki majlis mein bethte aur un ki suhbat mein rehne ki wajah se shariyat o tariqat asarar o ramoz se pori tarah agah the. Sofiya ki sohbat ne un mein haq shanasi ka esa johar peda kar deya tha ke log un ko “un parh falsafi” kaha karte the. Sheikh noor Muhammad ka inteqal 1929 mein howa tha. Allama Iqbal ki walidah ka naam Imam Bibi tha jinhon ne sirf nazrah Quran pak parha tha. Wo agarcha nakhuwandah thein lekin bari samajhdar, mamla feham aur mutaqi o parhezgar khatoon thein.

Alama Muhammad Iqbal ki ibtedai taleem ghar aur maktab mein hoi aur phir Scotch Mission School mein dakhil howae. Allama Iqbal bohat khush qismat the ke un ko molvi Syed Mir Hassan jese ustad nasib howae jo na sirf dars o tadris mein aala darje ki maharat rakhte the balke farsi aur arbi ke mayanaz alim the. Molvi Mir Hassan ki shagirdi mein Allama Iqbal ne arbi aur farsi zaban par dastaras hasil ki. Unhon ne urdu, farsi ki kilasiki shairi aur fani barikiyon ko bhi Molvi Mir Hassan se samjha. Molvi Mir Hassan ke mashware par hi aap ko Scotch Mission School mein dakhi kara deya gaya jahan Molvi Mir Hassan khud bhi arbi aur farsi ki tadris ke faraiz injam dete the. Aap ne usi school se 1893 mein matric aur 1895 mein F.A ka imtehan pass kiya. Scotch Mission College (mujodah Murray College) ke zamana e talibelmi mein hi Allama Iqbal ne mushairon mein hissa lena shuru kar deya tha. Unhon ne ibteda mein apna kalam Mirza Irshad Gorganvi ko dekhaya aur apni nazmein aue ghazlein mashhor shair Mirza Dagh Dehalvi ko bator islah irsaal kein. Chand nazmon aur ghazlon ki islah ke bad Dagh Dehalvi ne ye likh deya ke ap ko mazid islah ki zarorat nahi hai.

1895 mein Allama Iqbal ne mazid taleem ke leye Government College Lahore mein dakhla leya aur 1897 mein B.A aur 1899 mein M.A falsafa ki degree hasil ki. B.A ke imtehan mein English aur arbi ke mazmon mein talai tamghe hasil kiye jab ke arbi ke mazmon mein Punjab bhar mein awal rahe. Isi tarah M.A ke imtehan mein bhi tamgha hasil kya. Yahan un ke ustad Sir Thomas Arnold jese fazil the aur Sir Meyan Fazal Hussain jese siyasatdan, un ke hum jamat. Allama Iqbal ki taleem o tarbiyat mein professor Arnold ne itna hi mosar kirdar ada kiya jitna Molvi Mir Hassan ne. agar Molvi Mir Hassan ne ap ko mashriki afkar, adab o elomse mutarif karaya tha aur professor Arnold ne un ko maghribi afkar, falsafa aur tehzib se roshanaz karaya.

1899 mein Allama Iqbal Oriental College Lahore mein bahesiyat tarikh o falsafa ke reader muqarar howae aur bad izan January 1901 mein Government College Lahore mein English aur falsafa ke assistant professor muqarar howae aur is uhde par 1905 tak mamor rahe. Isi zamane mein aap ki pheli Urdu kitab “elm ul iqtasad” shaya hoi. Professor Arnold ke mashware par Allama Iqbal aala taleem ke husol ke leye englistan (England) chale gaye aur wahan Cambridge University ke mashor e zamana trinity College mein dakhala leya aur B.A honors ki degrre hasil ki. Cambridge University se degrre hasil karne ke bad aap ne apne ustad ki madad se Cambridge mein rehte howae doctorate (PHD) ki sanad ke leye miunikh University (Germany) mein registration karai aur 1907 mein apne haqiqi muqala “Iran mein mabad ul tabyat ka irteqa” par degrre hasil ki. Isi doran ap ne wahan bar at law bhi kar leya aur 6 mah tak university college mein arbi ke qaim maqam professor bhi rahe 1908 mein wapis Hindustan aaye aur Lahore chief court mein wakalat shuru kar di aur sath hi Government College Lahore mein bahesiyat professor tars o dadres se wabasta ho gaye. Aap ki wakalat ka silsila 1934 tak jari raha jab ke sirf teen saal bad 1911 mein aap ne professor ki hesiyat se istefa dedeya tha. 1922 mein hukumat e Bartaniya ne Allama Iqbal ki adabi khidmat ke eteraf mein “Sir” ka khitab deya tha.

1926 mein aap ki kitab “masnoi israr e khudi” farsi zaban mein shaya hoi thi.1929 mein unhon ne engrezi (english) zaban mein 6 khutbe Madras, Mesoor aur Hyderabad Dakin mein deye. Isi doran aap ke farsi aur urdu nazmon ke majmoye yake bad degare shaya howae. Allama Iqbal safar e Europe (1905) se qabl mutehdah qomiyat ya Hindustani quom parasti ke dai the. Un ki ibtedai shairi mein esi nazmein milti hainjin mein wo aikpake quom parast nazar aate hain tahum Europe pohanch kar unhon ne aik bikul nai duniya dekhi. Europe ka elmi andaz e fikr, tarz e hayat aur sanatein jin ki badolat insan ki khidmat ka kaam leya jata tha bohat pasand ayein lekin dosri taraf us ki kharabiyan dekh kar us se bari bezari paida hoi. In mushidat aur tajurbat ne Allama Iqbal ke khayalat aur ghor o fikr ke andaz ko bilkul badal deya. Un ke khayalat par Quran Majed aur maghribi falsafe ka zabardast asar para chunacha aap is natije apr pohanch gaye ke duniya ki nijat sirf islami talimat ikhtiyar karne mein hi hai aur jab wo 1908 mein Europe se wapis aaye to Islam, Islami aquaid aur Islami itehad ke aik pur josh mubligh ban chuke the.

Allama Iqbal siyasat ko shajar e mamnoa nahi samajhte the lehaza unhon ne nazri aur fikri hawalon ke sath amli tor par bhi siyasat mein hissa leya. Aap ki Muslim league se wabastagi, un ke qayam e Landon se shuru hoti hai. 1908 mein watan wapsi se chand mah qabl wo Muslim League ki Landon shakh ki majlis e aama ke rukun banne. Muslim League ki Landon shakh Bangal ke Syed Ameer Alli ne qaim ki thi aur is ka maqsad baresageer ke musalmanon ke leye judagana intekhabat ke usol ko tasleem karane ke leye Bartanwi rai aama ko hamwar karna aur parliament ke araken ko qail karna tha. Lahore wapis akar Muslim League ki sobai shakh se un ka taluq bhi shuru mein fikri bunyadon par tha. Mesaq e Lakhnow (1916) par Punjab ki taraf se Sir Meyan Fazal Hussain ne dastakhat keye the magar Allama Iqbal is ke haq mein nahi the kyun ke wo samajhte the ke congress is muhaide ki aar mein mutehdah qomiyat ke leye rah humwar kare gi. Bad izan jab tehrik e khilafat (1919 ta 1923) shuru hoi to musalman zama, hiduon ke sath tehrik e tark e mawalat mein bhi sharik ho gaye lekin Allama Iqbal is baat ko pasand nahi karte the ke musalman hiduon ke sath mil kar tehrik chalayein.

November 1926 mein Allama Iqbal 4 saal ke leye Lahore ki muslim nashist se Punjab ki sobai assembly ke rukun muntakhib howae. Assembly ke member ki hesiyat se unhon ne kai mufeed qawanen manzor karane mein nahayat aham kirdar ada kia. January 1927 mein Allama Iqbal Punjab Muslim League ke general sectary muqarar howae the magar is dor mein Allama Iqbal aur Quaid e Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah ke nazaryat mein kuch ikhtelafat the. Quaid e Azam makhlot intekhabat ke hami aur hindu muslim mafahimat ka nazarya rakhte the jab ke is ke bar khilaf Allama Iqbal makhlot intakhabt k ghair mozon aur judagana intekhabat ke zabardast hami the. March 1927 mein Sir Shafi ne Delhi tajaweez mein judagana intekhabat se dastbadari ki shik se ikhtelaf karte howae ihtejajan Muslim League mein aik elehdah group “Shafi League” ke naam se qaim kiya to Allama Iqbal ne Sir Shafi ka bharpur sath deya aur is group ke sectary general muqarar howae. Isi tarah Hindustan mein nai dastori islehat ki sifarishat muratab karne ke leye jab Simon Commission February 1928 mein Hindustan aaya to Quaid e Azam aur congressi qauiden ne commission ka boycott kiya jab ke Sir Shafi aur Allama Iqbal ne commission ka khair maqdam kiya. August 1928 mein Nehru report manzar e aam par aai aur is ke jawab mein Quaid e Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah ne 1929 mein apne 14 nuqat pesh keye to is se Muslim League ke donon dhar mutahid ho gaye aur donon zama ke ikhtelafat bhi khatam ho gaye. Allama Iqbal aur Quaid e Azam ke afkar mein pheli bar hum aahangi paida hoi.

December 1930 mein Quaid e Azam ki khuawahish par Allama Iqbal ko Muslim League ke salana ijlas munaqidah Allahabad ki saddarat pesh ki gai. Apne saddarti khutbe mein Allama Iqbal ne baresaghair ke musal manon ke leye aik elehdah watan ka tasawor pesh kar ke musalmanon ki manzil ka taiyun kar deya tha.unhon ne farmaya:“Meri khawahish hai ke Punjab, Soba e Sarhad, Sindh aur Baluchistan ko aik ho riyasat mein mila deya jaye. Khowa ye riyasat saltanat e Bartaniya ke indar hukumat khud ikhteyari hasil kare, khuwa is ke bahar. Mujhe to esa nazar aata hai ke shumali maghribi Hindustan ke musalmanon ko bila akhir aik munazam muslim riyasat qaim karna pare gi.”

Hidustan ke siyasi tasfiye aur dastori masail par ghor karne ke leye 1930 se 1932 tak Landon mein gol meiz conference ke teen ijlas munaqid howae jis mein baresaghir Pak o Hind ke siyasi rehnumaon ne shirkat ki. Allama Iqbal is ke dosre aur terse ijlas mein sharik howae aur is mein musalmanon ke hoqoq ki bharpur wakalat ki aur Hindustan ke mutalbat ko behtar andaz mein pesh kiya. Unhon ne sobe ke ikhteyarat mein izafa aur markaz ke ikhteyarat mein kami ka bhi mutalba kiya. Gol meiz conference se wapsi par aap Spain, Turkey aur Falasteen bhi gaye. 1933 mein Allama Iqbal, Syed Salman Nadwi aur Sir Ras masood ke sath Nadir Shah ki dawat par Afghanistan ke jashan e istaqlal mein sharik howae aur Shah ki farmaish par Syed Salman Nadwi aur Sir Ras Masood ki madad se Afghanistan ki talemi scheme muratab ki. 1929 se 1934 tak ke arse mein Allama Iqbal all parties conference ke sath wabasta rahe. Ye conference Nehru report ke jawab mein hidustan ke aaindah dastor mein musalmanon ke mutalibat ko manzoor karwane ke leye qaim ki gait hi. March 1932 ko aap ko conference ka sadder bhi muqarar kiya gaya tha.

All India Muslim League ki tanzeem e no ke baad Allama Iqbal ko Punjab ka sadder muntakhib kiya gaya aur unhon ne Muslim League ko aik fal jamat banane ke leye Quaid e Azam ka bharpur sath diya. 1937 ke sobai intakhabat mein nakami ke bawajod aap ne himat nahi hari aur Muslim League ke leye kaam karte rahe. October 1937 mein Lucknow ke muqam par “Sikandar Jinnah Pact ” amal mein aaya to Allama Iqbal ne itmenan ka sans liya ke ab Punjab sahi simt ki taraf chal para hai lekin jald hi unhon ne ye mehsos kar liya ke Sikandar Hayat, is muhaide ki aar mein Muslim League ke wajod ko khatam kar dena chahete hain chuncha aap ne is sorat e haal se Quaid e Azam ko aagah kiya lekin is ke chand mah baad hi 21 April 1938 ko aap ne wafat pai. Aap ki shairi ke majmoye mein Bang e dara, Bal e Jibreel aur Zarb e Kaleem urdu zaban mein hain jab ke farsi mein Asrar e khudi, Ramoz e bekhudi, Payame mashrik, Zaboor Ajam, Jaweed nama shamil hain. Allama Iqbal ki akhiri kitab Armughan e Hijaz hai.

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